“I have a problem with the Bible. But all is not lost. I just need to read it standing on my head”
By Brian Zahnd
Once we discovered the character of our God and the nature of our faith we need to dig deep into Scripture and ask this question: WHAT KIND OF TEACHING IS THIS?
Christianity can only be authentic if we are transformed, not only informed, when reading the Bible.
Text without context is dangerous.
This is one of the least explored challenges in Christianity. We all read the Bible from our own vantage point instead of reading the Bible from God’s vantage point.
The Bible is a book unlike any other. It is a book that contains Truth – but only if read from the “bottom-up”. Finding truth from the wrong perspective will corrupt the reader, eventually leading to pride and arrogance; two traits that will lead to spiritual death. (1 Corinthians 8:1 Now about food sacrificed to idols: We know that “We all possess knowledge.” But knowledge puffs up while love builds up.)
The Bible is therefore as much the source of truth as it is a book that can corrupt.
Let me explain. The stories told in the Bible mostly contain the perspectives of the poor, the marginalised, the oppressed, the incarcerated, and the occupied – a quality that separates this Book from many other historical literary works. Fully exploring the truth contained in Scripture will require a transformed mind and a completely renewed perspective. This is what makes the Bible a prophetic book more than simply a historic encounter.
Brian Zahnd, founder and lead pastor of Word of Life Church in St Joseph, Missouri, wrote an article explaining this unexplored principle. He wrote the following:
“I have a problem with the Bible,” Zahnd wrote. “But all is not lost. I just need to read it standing on my head. I need to change my perspective. If I can accept that the Bible is trying to uplift those who are unlike me, then perhaps I can read the Bible right.”
Zahnd then explores the context of Scripture as follows: “I have a problem with the Bible. Here’s my problem…I’m an ancient Egyptian. I’m a comfortable Babylonian. I’m a Roman in his villa.
That’s my problem. See, I’m trying to read the Bible for all it’s worth, but I’m not a Hebrew slave suffering in Egypt. I’m not a conquered Judean deported to Babylon. I’m not a first-century Jew living under Roman occupation. I’m a citizen of a superpower. I was born among the conquerors. I live in the empire. But I want to read the Bible and think it’s talking to me. This is a problem.
One of the most remarkable things about the Bible is that in it we find the narrative told from the perspective of the poor, the oppressed, the enslaved, the conquered, the occupied, the defeated. This is what makes it prophetic. We know that history is written by the winners. This is true — except in the case of the Bible, it’s the opposite! This is the subversive genius of the Hebrew prophets. They wrote from a bottom-up perspective.
Imagine a history of colonial America written by Cherokee Indians and African slaves. That would be a different way of telling the story! And that’s what the Bible does. It’s the story of Egypt told by the slaves. The story of Babylon told by the exiles. The story of Rome told by the occupied.
What about those brief moments when Israel appeared to be on top? In those cases, the prophets told Israel’s story from the perspective of the peasant poor as a critique of the royal elite. Like when Amos denounced the wives of the Israelite aristocracy as “the fat cows of Bashan.”
Every story is told from a vantage point; it has a bias. The bias of the Bible is from the vantage point of the underclass. But what happens if we lose sight of the prophetically subversive vantage point of the Bible? What happens if those on top read themselves into the story, not as imperial Egyptians, Babylonians, and Romans, but as the Israelites?
That’s when you get the bizarre phenomenon of the elite and entitled using the Bible to endorse their dominance as God’s will. This is Roman Christianity after Constantine. This is Christianity on crusade. This is colonialists seeing America as their promised land and the native inhabitants as Canaanites to be conquered. This is the whole history of European colonialism. This is the prosperity gospel. This is making the Bible dance a jig for our own amusement.
As Jesus preached the arrival of the Kingdom of God, he would frequently emphasise the revolutionary character of God’s reign by saying things like, “the last will be first and the first last.” How does Jesus’ first-last aphorism strike you? I don’t know about you, but it makes this modern-day Roman a bit nervous.
Imagine this: A powerful charismatic figure arrives on the world scene and amasses a great following by announcing the arrival of a new arrangement of the world where those at the bottom are to be promoted and those on top are to have their lifestyle “restructured.” How do people receive this? I can imagine the Bangladeshis saying, “When do we start?!” and the Americans saying, “Hold on now, let’s not get carried away!”
Now think about Jesus announcing the arrival of God’s kingdom with the proclamation of his counterintuitive Beatitudes. When Jesus said, “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth,” how was that received? Well, it depends on who is hearing it. The poor Galilean peasant would hear it as good news (gospel), while the Roman in his villa would hear it with deep suspicion.
And that’s the challenge I face in reading the Bible. I’m not the Galilean peasant. Who am I kidding! I’m the Roman in his villa and I need to be honest about it. I too can hear the gospel of the kingdom as good news (because it is!), but first I need to admit its radical nature and not try to tame it to endorse my inherited entitlement.
I am a (relatively) wealthy white American male. Which is fine, but it means I have to work hard at reading the Bible right. I have to see myself basically as aligned with Pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, and Caesar. In that case, what does the Bible ask of me? Voluntary poverty? Not necessarily. Yet certainly the Bible calls me to deep humility — a humility demonstrated in hospitality and generosity. There’s nothing necessarily wrong with being a relatively well-off white American male, but I better be humble, hospitable, and generous!
“If I read the Bible with the appropriate perspective and humility, I don’t use the story of the Rich Man and Lazarus as a proof-text to condemn others to hell. I use it as a reminder that I’m a rich man and Lazarus lies at my door.”
I don’t use the conquest narratives of Joshua to justify Manifest Destiny. Instead I see myself as a Rahab who needs to welcome newcomers. I don’t fancy myself as Elijah calling down fire from heaven. I’m more like Nebuchadnezzar who needs to humble himself lest I go insane.
I have a problem with the Bible, but all is not lost. I just need to read it standing on my head. I need to change my perspective. If I can accept that the Bible is trying to uplift those who are unlike me, then perhaps I can read the Bible right.”
So, with this guideline set before us, what life do we pursue in order to fully represent the God that we read about?
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