All Saints Day is a Christian celebration in honour of all the saints from Christian history. In Western Christianity, it is observed on November 1st by the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist and Lutheran Churches, and other Protestant denominations. The Eastern Orthodox Church and associated Eastern Catholic churches observe All Saints Day on the first Sunday following Pentecost.
The Christian festival of All Saints Day comes from a conviction that there is a spiritual connection between those in Heaven and on Earth. In Catholic tradition, the holiday honours all those who have passed on to the Kingdom of Heaven. In Protestant tradition, All Saints Day relates to giving God earnest gratitude for the lives and deaths of his saints, remembering those who were well-known and not.
Additionally, individuals throughout Christian history are celebrated, such as Peter the Apostle and Charles Wesley, as well as people who have personally guided one to faith in Jesus, such as one’s relative or friend.
So, “All Saints Day” annually reminds us of our connectedness as Christians. It’s commemorated every November 1st. Perhaps, you were taught to think of saints as statues in a church building. But the Bible teaches something completely different.
Who is a saint? You are. That is if you’re a follower of Jesus. God calls a “saint” anyone who trusts in Christ alone for salvation. See Acts 9:13, 26:10, Romans 8:27, and 1 Corinthians 1:2.
Sainthood isn’t given by a group of religious leaders. It’s granted by God Himself to any common, salt-of-the-earth person who simply trusts Christ (1Corinthians 1:2). The gospel message is that God the Son came to earth, lived a perfectly obedient life, died on the cross to pay for our sins (Romans 5:1), and rose again proving His atoning work was complete (Romans 4:22-25). Saints are those who give up the anti-faith alternative of trying to please God by their good deeds and, instead, trust Christ alone. Scripture says that the person of faith actually becomes the very righteousness of God (2 Cor. 5:21)!
Through the channel of human faith (the means of salvation) we become united to Christ (the source of salvation) and we are saved from God’s judgment as well as from the futile way of life that we naturally follow (1Peter 3:18). In other words, we are granted sainthood!
Skeptical? Think about this: if God calls the worldly, sinning believers in Corinth “saints” — and He does in 1:2 — couldn’t He call you a saint as well? Friend, anyone who trusts in Christ alone for salvation is a saint in God’s sight.
Origin of All Saints Day
In the early years when the Roman Empire persecuted Christians, so many martyrs died for their faith, that the Church set aside special days to honour them. For example, in 607 Emperor Phocas presented to the pope the beautiful Roman Pantheon temple. The pope removed the statues of Jupiter and the pagan gods and consecrated the Pantheon to “all saints” who had died from Roman persecution in the first 300 years after Christ.
Many bones were brought from other graves and placed in the rededicated Pantheon church. Since there were too many martyrs for each to be given a day, they were lumped together into one day. In the next century, All Saints Day was changed by Pope Gregory III to today’s date – November l. People prepared for their celebration with a night of vigil on Hallows’ Eve.
In the 10th century, Abbot Odela of the Cluny monastery added the next day — November 2nd — as “All Souls” Day” to honour not just the martyrs, but all Christians who had died. People prayed for the dead, but many unchristian superstitions continued. As happens so often in Church history, sacred Christian festivals can absorb so many pagan customs that they lose their significance as Christian holidays.
But think of it positively. Who are your favourite heroes in Christian History? Can you think of any whose example has inspired you? Why not use All Saints Day to think of and give thanks for as many Christians from the past as you can remember, whether they are famous or not, especially if their lives and teaching contributed something to yours.
How to Celebrate All Saints Day
So, how should we think of All Saints Day? Well, the 1662 Anglican Book of Common Prayer says that the holiday stands for “the unity of Christians of all ages, countries, and races in Christ, and the perfection of that unity in heaven.” Sounds like the prayer book has the right idea.
The Bible doesn’t tell us to pray to the saints (Matt. 6:6) or through the saints (1 Tim. 2:5). Instead, we think of our connectedness to past saints and find inspiration in their stories of God’s faithfulness. Hebrews 11 gives many examples of the great cloud of witnesses whose lives tell of God’s unfailing love and grace.
These saints speak from the past and are whispering at this moment…”God is faithful.” “The Lord is good. Trust Him.” “His grace was sufficient for me in my trials and is sufficient for you today.”
There’s a hymn that’s traditionally sung around this holiday called “For All the Saints.” It encourages believers to look back through the years of Christian history and think of the billions now enjoying rest and salvation in the presence of God. It’s also meant to provide encouragement to believers here and now to press on, looking forward to the glorious day…
“…when the strife is fierce, the warfare long,
Steals on the ear the distant triumph song,
And hearts are brave again, and arms are strong.
How about you? Do you tend to view yourself as an isolated Christian? Think about your connection with all of God’s saints by reading through the hymn “For All the Saints.”
Dear God, praise you for giving us the glorious example of the Saints. I aspire to meet their company, praising you forever in Heaven. Please help me to follow in their footsteps, and yours, Jesus Christ. Please help me to submit myself to Your call, seeking Your order in all things, just as the Saints did. Please help me to commit myself to Your glory, and to the service of my neighbours. Amen.
Alex Crain is editor of Christianity.com.
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